Week_5

Week_5 - How do you know whether your information is any...

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How do you know whether your information is any good? Evaluating information
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1. Evaluative questions 1) Is the result of this inquiry (experiment, reasoning, explanation) correct? 2) Are the methods, premises, or models used in this inquiry correct? 3) What are the criteria for correctness of results? 4) What prior examples of correct inquiry offer some guidance for inquirers? 5) Are the people conducting the inquiry reliable, that is, “authoritative”? The first four questions usually require specialized expertise We non-experts often end up with question 5 Better for non-experts to consult experts One reason why it helps to chase footnotes
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2. Evidence Evidence answers the question: “How do you know?” Sometimes we don’t need more evidence than whatever we have “Ouch, my finger hurts.” “I like Ani DiFranco’s music.” Sometimes evidence is easily found “It’s raining.” “Beer costs more at the corner store than at the supermarket.” Sometimes evidence is more difficult to obtain, and requires some method Statistics Experiment Surveys Archival research Mathematical reasoning And others
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4. A difficult situation to understand, with conflicting research methods, each with evidence. Research Methods, Models, and Theory 2 Data, Evidence, Measurements, Observations, Primary texts Collect, analyze, explain, and are tested by Research Methods, Models, and Theory 1 Data, Evidence, Measurements, Observations, Primary texts Collect, analyze, explain, and are tested by Research Methods, Models, and Theory 3 Data, Evidence, Measurements, Observations, Primary texts
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Week_5 - How do you know whether your information is any...

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