15 - 11/2/11 Timeline and Reminders September October...

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Unformatted text preview: 11/2/11 Timeline and Reminders September October November December Timeline and Reminders •  Lab – the weeks ahead: –  Design IteraFon –  Quick and Dirty Prototyping –  Safety Training/Team MeeFngs –  Thanksgiving –  FabricaFon Week Life/BG E Essay Team Contract Comm Memo Tech Prob Set Research Report Prelim Des Rev Ethics Specs  ­ DraBs  ­ OP  ­ Final Rpt •  Note: 11/15 – Recycle AA Field Trip •  CAD Workshop/Tutorial? ReflecFon/Community InteracFon Exams Ethics Professional Responsibility Lorelle Meadows Engineering 100:800 •  The branch of philosophy dealing with values relaFng to human conduct with respect to the rightness and wrongness of acFons and the goodness and badness of moFves and ends •  A system or set of moral principles •  The rules of conduct recognized in respect to a parFcular class of human acFons or governing a parFcular group, culture, etc. What you can do vs what you should do… Ethical Theory consequences rights/du7es ConsequenFalist Ethical Theories  ­ U7litarianism  ­ Egoism  ­ Hedonism  ­ etc. Deontological Ethical Theories  ­ Golden Rule  ­ Kan7an Ethics  ­ Natural Rights Theory  ­ etc. From Ethics to Responsibility •  Ethics: –  The study of and debate over right and wrong –  Is it proper to: •  Engage in engineering work that might further the development of weapons of mass destrucFon •  Conduct or contribute to secret research for governments •  Engage in geneFc engineering research •  Test new technologies on animals •  Professional Responsibility – not up for debate –  Standards published by the profession –  FoundaFon for success as an engineer 1 11/2/11 Engineering Code of Ethics Fundamental Canons (NSPE) Engineers, in the fulfillment of their professional duFes, shall: Preamble Engineering is an important and learned profession. As members of this profession, engineers are expected to exhibit the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Engineering has a direct and vital impact on the quality of life for all people. Accordingly, the services provided by engineers require honesty, imparFality, fairness, and equity, and must be dedicated to the protec7on of the public health, safety, and welfare. Engineers must perform under a standard of professional behavior that requires adherence to the highest principles of ethical conduct. theory engineering code of ethics ethics in prac7ce 1.  Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public. 2.  Perform services only in areas of their competence. 3.  Issue public statements only in an objecFve and truthful manner. 4.  Act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees. 5.  Avoid decepFve acts. 6.  Conduct themselves honorably, responsibly, ethically, and lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputaFon, and usefulness of the profession. Typical Problems Facing Engineers •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Safety ConfidenFality and Proprietary InformaFon Conflict of Interest Bribery Environmental Ethics Computer Ethics Professional Rights –  Engineers and the Defense Industry •  Research and ExperimentaFon Real Problems •  20 ­50% of authors listed on papers are not legiFmate authors (given credit when not due) •  40% of abstracts oversell or exaggerate the significance of findings •  40% of researchers do not keep proper records •  10 ­15% do not following the approved research/ lab protocols •  10 ­15% do not report their conflicts of interest •  15% know colleagues who have falsified data Ethical Problem Solving •  •  •  •  •  Define the Issues IdenFfy Stakeholders Gather InformaFon Apply Moral Reasoning Double ­check Decision 2 11/2/11 Define the Issues IndenFfy Stakeholders To seele a conflict, you must first discern its source… •  List the facts •  Who or what will be affected by or have an interest in your decision? •  IdenFfy their Stake or Interest •  Comprehensive list –  Any unclear facts? –  Any legal issues? –  Is there a moral issue involved? Requires Research and Agreement Gather InformaFon •  •  •  •  Ethical Codes Engineering Facts and Standards Environmental Standards Safety Standards Double ­check Your Decision •  Review from the perspecFve of each stakeholder –  How would you explain your decision to them? •  Check against the NSPE Code of Ethics –  Have you lived up to your professional responsibility? •  Take the New York Times Test –  Are you comfortable with your friends and family reading about this? –  –  –  –  – –  –  –  –  Employer Clients Consumers Other engineers Friends Family General public Environment Future genera7ons Apply Moral Reasoning •  PracFcal reasoning about what one should do •  What are the possible ways to solve the problem? –  Eliminate the unethical opFons –  Is your resoluFon directly defendable? Apply to Final Design •  In group –  List the facts (design challenge) –  Iden7fy stakeholders and their interest in design/product – •  List facts/interests (e.g. innova7ve, cost ­effec7ve, …) •  Give each a rela7ve value (weight) –  Gather informaFon (physical laws, environmental health, local laws or regulaFons, …) –  Make Decision 3 11/2/11 Decision Matrix Parameter Weight Alterna7ve 1 Alterna7ve 2 Value Product Alterna7ve 3 Value Product Value Product Parameter A 5 2 10 4 20 5 25 Parameter B 3 5 15 2 6 4 12 Total 25 26 37 4 ...
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