Nutrition - NUTRITION NUTRITION Ruminant Rumen Reticulum...

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NUTRITION
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NUTRITION Ruminant Rumen Reticulum Omasum Abomasum Ruminant not developed for 1.5 - 2 mos.
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NUTRITION Principle function is to digest and absorb nutrients from the diet Rumen and Reticulum are capable of microbial fermentation Can use dietary protein as well as NPN Uses nitrogen and ammonia as the source for amino acids
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NUTRITION Climate Age Exercise Body condition Reproduction Flushing Replacement ewes Gestation Lactation lamb BW
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CLASSES OF NUTRIENTS Water Protein Energy - Carbohydrates (CHO) Fat Minerals Vitamins
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WATER Single most important nutrient No water, no feed intake Factors affecting water intake Feed intake, nitrogen intake, mineral intake and environmental temperature Rise in water requirements above 70 F Urinary Calculi Water - 1 gal./day for mature sheep 1/2 gal./day for lambs
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PROTEIN Protein through good pasture and legumes Regardless of type, amount is most important lbs vs % Supplements: SBM, CSM, Linseed meal, peanut meal, sunflower meal (35-45 % CP) Legumes are an excellent source of protein for sheep
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ENERGY Energy through grain and roughages Net energy or TDN Grain and Protein suppl. = 70-80 % TDN Hay = 40-55 % TDN Feed for energy first Energy is especially important in late pregnancy
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MINERALS Ca and P Balance is more important than amount Ratio should be at least 2:1 , 2 parts Ca : 1 part P Most forages are adequate for Ca and P Legumes are excellent sources for Ca Mature forages are low in P Therefore, consideration of P is needed , esp. for gestating and lactating ewes .29% P is needed for lactating ewes Sources: bonemeal, defluourinated rock phosphate, dical, Na tripoly PO4
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Salt, NaCl - Sheep can tolerate 1.0 to 1.3 % salt, but cannot tolerate over 1.5 % for very long Intake of grain may be limited by adding 10-25% salt Copper (Cu) essential for life, required for normal iron metabolism, synthesis of elastin and collagen, melanin production and integrity of the central
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course ANSCI 313 taught by Professor Dr.allanmorgan during the Fall '11 term at Tarleton.

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Nutrition - NUTRITION NUTRITION Ruminant Rumen Reticulum...

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