Lecture 1 - Fall, 2008

Lecture 1 - Fall, 2008 - ARCHEOLOGY TEST # 1 - FALL, 2008...

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ARCHEOLOGY TEST # 1 - FALL, 2008 1. ? is often used to uncover houses and determine settlement patterns. A.area excavation B.vertical excavation C.trenching 2. The Oldowan Culture was probably mostly developed by A. Australopithecus B. Paranthropus C. Homo D. Kenyanthropus 3. The classification of artifacts is termed A.chronology B.paleontology C.petrography D.typology E.paleoethnobotany 4. An orthograde posture ? characteristic of primates. A.is B.is not 5. ? explores the symbolic and cognitive aspects of ancient societies, including interpretation of ancient ideas, gender roles, power relations, ritualism and other social concepts. A.agency theory B.the Direct Historical Approach C.Experimental Archeology D.Processual Archeology E.Postprocessual Archeology 6. ? dating is based on the fact that commonly-occuring crystalline materials such as quartz and feldspar capture electrons in defects in the crystal structure. A.radiometric B.seriation C.faunal D.luminescence E.archeomagnetic 7. The oldest australopithecines pertain to A. Australopithecus B. Paranthropus C. Homo rudolfensis D. Homo habilis E. Kenyanthropus 8. ? is the study of past ways of thought and symbolic structures based upon the material remains of ancient peoples. A.agency theory B.the Direct Historical Approach C.Experimental Archeology D.Processual Archeology E.Cognitive Archeology 9. A ? is a culturally homogeneous stratigraphic unit within a single site. A.component B.seriation C.ecofact D.jacal E.phase 10. ? consist of mobile hunter-gatherer groups. A.bands B.tribes C.chiefdoms D.all of the above consist of mobile hunter-gatherer groups 11. ? consists of gracile australopithecines. A. Australopithecus B. Paranthropus C. Homo rudolfensis D. Homo habilis E. Kenyanthropus 12. The orientation of a cultural deposit versus magnetic north may be fixed in a cultural deposit; in ? dating this orientation is compared with that of a “master curve” to determine the date of the deposit. A.archeomagnetic B.paleomagnetic C.this describes both archeomagnetic and paleomagnetic dating 13. With ?, electromagnetic pulses are passed through the soil; the pulses encounter objects in the soil and is reflected back to the receiver. A.thermography B.ground-penetrating radar C.magnetometry D.electrical resistivity E.GIS
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14. Most genetic studies in archeology have utilized ? DNA. A.nuclear B.mitochondrial C.nuclear and mitochondrial DNA have been utilized equally in archeological studies 15. In chiefdoms, clan groups ? important. A.are B.are not 16. ? uses one wavelength of light to release light of another wavelength. A.TL B.OSL C.ESR D.mtDNA E.NAA 17. Which of the following food-obtaining strategies was probably least used by early hominids? A.plant gathering B.scavenging of mammal carcasses C.hunting 18. ? are pecked pictures. A.pictographs B.petroglyphs C.both pictographs and petroglyphs are pecked pictures 19. ? is sequence dating based on artifact types. A.palynology B.faunal dating C.seriation
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Lecture 1 - Fall, 2008 - ARCHEOLOGY TEST # 1 - FALL, 2008...

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