Lecture2Fall2010 - ARCHEOLOGY TEST 2 FALL 2010 TRUE/FALSE 1...

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ARCHEOLOGY TEST # 2 – FALL 2010 TRUE/FALSE: 1. During the Neolithic, humans inhabited smaller territories and had heavier toolkits versus earlier periods. 2. The shape of the skull indicates that Homo ergaster was capable of true speech. 3. Neanderthals made composite tools. 4. The mouflon is the probable ancestor of the domestic sheep. 5. The “Turkana Boy” had caucasoid features. 6. Wild grains usually grow along floodplain areas, and therefore are ideal for irrigation agriculture. 7. Homo floresiensis lived as late as 18,000 years ago. 8. The Mesolithic was the period in which agriculture began to develop. 9. “Archaic Homo sapiens” made core tools. 10. Cereal grasses are the most important domesticated plants. 11. The larynx is the “voicebox”. 12. Humans that made Acheulian Tools probably had a “mental template”. 13. There may have been a substantial “bottleneck” in human population after 100 thousand years ago, when human populations may have decreased to about 10,000 individuals. 14. Domestication during the Neolithic utilized numerous species of plants. 15. The Multi-Regional Hypothesis states that agriculture began in many areas. 16. Beringia was between North America and Siberia. 17. “Shoveling” refers to the peculiar shape of the shoulder blade in paleoindians. 18. During the Mesolithic, burials became more complex. 19. Warfare may be associated with population growth and environmental circumscription; it may lead to more social stratification. 20. Cultivation and domestication are synonymous terms.
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21. “Kennewick Man” has many features in common with neanderthals. 22. Neanderthals were probably ancestral to modern humans. 23. The Mal’ta and Dyukhtai were South American paleoindian cultures. 24. The concept of the Hydraulic State refers to the importance of irrigation in development of complex cultures. 25. Zebu and Taurine Cattle had separate domestications. 26. Raw materials were traded over larger regions in the Mesolithic versus the Upper Paleolithic. 27. Domesticated animals are typically gregarious. 28. Punch-struck blade industries were first introduced in the Mesolithic. 29. There was more diversity in size, shape and technique of manufacture of fluted points in western North America versus eastern North America. 30. The llama was domesticated from the guanaco. 31. The Persian bezoar is the ancestor of the domestic pig. 32. The Mousterian tradition is considered to be a flake industry. 33. The skull base of
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Lecture2Fall2010 - ARCHEOLOGY TEST 2 FALL 2010 TRUE/FALSE 1...

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