Lecture 1 2003

Lecture 1 2003 - NAME _ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE TEST # 1...

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NAME ________________________________________________ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE TEST # 1 MATCHING: ___ 1. Paradigm A.origin and extinction of organisms is probabilistic ___ 2. Peramorphosis B."fitness" of an organism ___ 3. Phenetics C.process of classification ___ 4. Parsimony D.most genetic differences neither foster nor hinder an organisms survival ___ 5.Synthetic Theory E.the determinants of traits on which natural selection acts are genes ___ 6.Adaptation F.single lineage changes over time ___ 7.Paedomorphosis G.numerical taxonomy ___ 8.Biota H.nutritional structure of ecosystem in which more than one species occupies each level ___ 9.Ichnology I.early life history stages of ancestors become the adult stage in descendants ___ 10.Neutral Theory J.form ___ 11.Anagenesis K.the best hypothesis is the one with the fewest number of processes ___ 12.Cladogenesis L.single species divides into two lineages ___ 13.Stochastic Processes M.model or pattern ___ 14.Morphology N.trace fossil study ___ 15.Taphonomy O.individual passes through evolutionary stages of its ancestors ___ 16.Taxonomy P.concerns passage of organisms from the biosphere to the lithosphere ___ 17.Food Web Q.flora and fauna
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TRUE-FALSE (T-F; Make sure the "T's" and "F's" don't look alike!): ___ 18. Extinction is most likely in species with small populations and live in limited geographic areas. ___ 19. A steinkern is an impression of the outer surface of an organism. ___ 20. Syntypes are no longer used in taxonomic classifications. ___ 21. First appearances of fossils may be due to evolutionary first occurrence or immigration. ___ 22. Convergent evolution is where a close morphologic similarity arises between two unrelated groups that take on similar life habits. ___ 23. Ammonites are the most important fossils used for Cenozoic biostratigraphy. ___ 24. Population exhibits linear growth; food production exhibits exponential growth. ___ 25. The basic unit of biostratigraphic classification is the biofacies. ___ 26. Divergent plate margins often result in greater similarity of organisms. ___ 27. No genus name can be duplicated, but species names can be duplicated. ___ 28. Biostratigraphic distributions are typically controlled by paleoecology and evolution. ___ 29. Warm-blooded organisms have more metabolic change with temperature change than seen in cold- blooded organisms. ___ 30. Evolutionary taxonomy states that in classification, characters of individuals are more important for classification than those of populations. ___ 31. Hard parts of radiolarians and sponges are typically made from a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide termed chitin. ___ 32. Temperate climates contain more diverse plant and animal communities than tropical climates.
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course GEOL 305 taught by Professor Dr.phillipmurphy during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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Lecture 1 2003 - NAME _ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE TEST # 1...

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