Lecture 1 2007

Lecture 1 2007 - NAME _ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE TEST # 1 PART...

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NAME ________________________________________________ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE TEST # 1 PART I - MULTIPLE CHOICE (0.5 points each): ___ 1. Viruses A.can only reproduce in the cells of other organisms B.can reproduce outside the cells of other organisms ___ 2. The first appearance of a fossil group may be due to A.evolutionary first occurrence B.emigration C.all of the above D.none of the above ___ 3. The chronostratigraphic equivalent of a period is the A.system B.stage C.series D.erathem E.eonathem ___ 4. Adolf Seilacher formulated the theory that animals of the Ediacara Fauna A.could mostly be referred to modern phyla B.could not be referred to modern phyla ___ 5. ? have flagellate-lined dermal pores that lead into a cloaca. Water then exits through the osculum. A.Porifera B.Protozoa C.Cnidaria D.Archaeocyatha E.Pyrrhophyta ___ 6. The characteristics of a taxon define the A.genotype B.phenotype C.all of the above D.none of the above ___ 7. Some adult amphibians retain larval-like forms. This illustrates the concept of A.adaptation B.phylogeny C.peramorphosis D.allometry E.paedomorphosis ___ 8. Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ernst Mayr, George Simpson and Julian Huxley were the major scientists that formulated the ? Theory. A.Lamarckian B.Neutral C.Synthetic D.Mosaic E.all of the above ___ 9. Well-preserved fossil plants are often fossilized within ? environments. A.acidic and reducing B.alkaline and oxidizing C.all of the above would preserve fossil plants equally well D.none of the above preserve fossil plants well ___ 10. ? have a frustule that is divided into an epitheca and hypotheca. A.Pyrrhophyta B.Bacillariophyta C.Haptophyta D.Actinopoda E.Chlorophyta ___ 11. All of the known freshwater sponges, and 95% of the modern marine forms, are A.hexactinellids B.sclerosponges C.polyplacophorans D.demosponges E.calcisponges ___ 12. An "unnatural" grouping of organisms, in which the "group" evolved from two or more distinct ancestors is a ? group. A.monophyletic B.polyphyletic C.paraphyletic D.all of the above E.none of the above ___ 13. ? are especially useful for correlating Cenozoic terrestrial faunas. A.birds B.amphibians C.reptiles D.mammals E.all of the above are equally useful for correlating Cenozoic terrrestrial faunas
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___ 14. The ? zone is in the upper water layers. A.aphotic B.euphotic ___ 15. ? are built from amino acids and are the "building materials" of life. A.organic phosphorous compounds B.nucleic acids C.proteins D.all of the above are built from amino acids and are the "building blocks" of life ___ 16. Stromatoporoids are now typically placed within the A.Porifera B.Protozoa C.Bryozoa D.Cnidaria E.Echinodermata ___ 17. Sponges and radiolarians have hard parts made of A.chitin B.scleroprotein C.calcium carbonate D.lignin E.opaline silica ___ 18. Shared derived characters are termed A.symplesiomorphic B.autapomorphic C.synapomorphic D.all of the above E.none of the above ___ 19. Thomas Malthus first proposed the theory that A.food production exhibits exponential growth
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course GEOL 305 taught by Professor Dr.phillipmurphy during the Fall '10 term at Tarleton.

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Lecture 1 2007 - NAME _ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE TEST # 1 PART...

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