Lecture 3 2007

Lecture 3 2007 - NAME _ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE FINAL _ 1....

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NAME _________________________________________________ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE FINAL ___ 1. Gymnosperms are probably a ? group. A.monophyletic B.polyphyletic ___ 2. The most important group of modern birds are the A.passerines B.ratites C.strigiforms D.anseriforms E.falconiforms ___ 3. Reptiles A.reduce the size of the bones in the rear of the skull including the supratemporal, tabular and postparietal B.have palatal fangs and labyrinthine infolding of the tooth enamel C.have an otic notch D.all of the above are true concerning reptiles E.none of the above is true concerning reptiles ___ 4. ? have a double "pulley" astragalus. A.artiodactyls B.creodonts C.perissodactyls D.primates E.rodents ___ 5. The morphology of the auditory bulla is often used in classification of A.reptiles B.mammals C.birds D.sharks E.bony fish ___ 6. The amniote egg was first developed within A.bony fish B.amphibians C.reptiles D.birds E.mammals ___ 7. ? are ray-finned fishes. A.placoderms B.acanthodians C.sarcopterygians D.actinopterygians E.chondrichthyans ___ 8. ? have a carapace and plastron; they are anapsid and the teeth are rudimentary or absent. A.Testudines B.Lepidosauromorphs C.Archosauromorphs D.Captorhinomorphs E.Procolophonians ___ 9. Tetrapods may have first invaded terrestrial environments due to A.ponds drying out B.low oxygen content in water C.population pressures D.escape from predators E.all of the above are theories concerning the origin of terrestrial vertebrates ___ 10. The Great Faunal Interchange between North and South America occurred during the A.Late Eocene B.Early Oligocene through Miocene C.Pliocene-Pleistocene D.the Great Faunal Interchange was actually between North America and Eurasia ___ 11. ? classification is based primarily on masseter muscle attachment patterns. A.carnivore B.primate C.lagomorph D.condylarth E.rodent ___ 12. Dinosaurs, pterosaurs, lizards, and crocodiles are A.anapsids B.synapsids C.diapsids D.euryapsids ___ 13. The Hesperornithiformes and Ichthyornithiformes were Cretaceous A.dinosaurs B.mammals C.birds D.sharks E.amphibians ___ 14. In anthracosaurs the ? becomes the dominant vertebral element. A.intercentrum B.pleurocentrum ___ 15. The fish hyomandibular became the ? of later vertebrates. A.stapes B.malleus C.incus D.all of the above E.none of the above
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___ 16. ? have a diapsid skull, an antorbital opening, and thecodont dentition. A.placodonts B.icthyosaurs C.plesiosaurs D.sphenodontids E.archosaurs ___ 17. The most successful extinct tylopod group, that included pig- or sheep-like Tertiary mammals, were the A.pecora B.chalicotheres C.oreodonts D.mesonychids E.equoids ___ 18. The primitive caudal fin type in actinopterygians is A.hypocercal B.heterocercal C.diphycercal D.homocercal ___ 19. The ? are flowering plants. A.Anthophyta B.Pteridospermophyta C.Cycadophyta D.Sphenophyta E.Lycophyta ___ 20. All of the bipedal carnivorous dinosaurs were A.sauropodomorphs B.ceratopsians C.ankylosaurs D.ornithopods E.theropods ___ 21. ? are paraxonic.
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Lecture 3 2007 - NAME _ PALEONTOLOGY LECTURE FINAL _ 1....

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