Lecture 2 Fall 2007

Lecture 2 Fall 2007 - NAME HISTORICAL GEOLOGY 2 1 The...

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NAME ___________________________________________________ HISTORICAL GEOLOGY # 2 ___ 1. The brittle material forming the large plates is termed the A.lithosphere B.asthenosphere C.both the asthenosphere and lithosphere is composed of brittle material ___ 2. During the Cretaceous, ? seas were dominant. A.calcite B.aragonite C.both calcite and aragonite were equally abundant during the Cretaceous ___ 3. Sexual reproduction provides ? genetic variability versus asexual reproduction. A.less B.more C.sexual and asexual reproduction both provide considerable genetic variability ___ 4. The most abundant dissolved gas in seawater is A.nitrogen B.carbon dioxide C.oxygen D.hydrogen sulfide E.all of the above are equally abundant in seawater ___ 5. ? was a ship's naturalist on the H.M.S. Beagle. He wrote "The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection". A.Charles Darwin B.Thomas Malthus C.Jean Baptiste de Lamarck D.Alfred Wallace E.Gregor Mendel ___ 6. Fossil bone and petrified wood are most commonly preserved by A.cellular permineralization B.recrystallization C.replacement D.carbonization E.preservation of unaltered hard parts ___ 7. Which of these epochs is oldest? A.Oligocene B.Holocene C.Pliocene D.Miocene E.Eocene ___ 8. Continental plates are primarily composed of A.basalt B.migmatite C.andesite D.granite E.gneiss ___ 9. The Linnean System has been abandoned by some biologists due to the influence of A.paleontology B.evolutionary systematics C.cladistic taxonomy D.taphonomy E.homology ___ 10. ? states that evolution occurs in fits and spurts separated by long periods of little change. A.phyletic gradualism B.puncuated equilbrium C.mosaic evolution D.all of these theories state that evolution occurs in fits and spurts separated by long periods of little change ___ 11. Trace fossils are useful in determining A.ancient rates of deposition B.paleobathymetry C.determining the original characteristics of the ancient depositional environment D.trace fossils are used for all of the above ___ 12. The ? is partly equivalent to the Carboniferous. A.Triassic B.Permian C.Tertiary D.Devonian E.Pennsylvanian ___ 13. ? species are based upon similaritites of morphology. A. Biogeographic-Genetic B.Linnean C.both species concepts are based upon similarities of morphology ___ 14. The ? is believed to be the “failed arm” of a triple-rift system. A.aulacogen B.proto-oceanic gulf C.craton D.subduction zone E.obduction
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___ 15. Konservat-Lagerstätten A.is bioturbation by organisms B.are fossil deposits with great preservation C.are regions of plate subduction D.are environments inhabited by life E.are features that limit the distribution of organisms ___ 16. Which of the following is within the Mesozoic? A.Tertiary B.Triassic C.Permian D.Silurian E.Quaternary ___ 17. Evolutionary history is termed A.ontogeny B.artificial selection C.phylogeny D.homology E.genetics ___ 18. The ? is the way in which a species relates to its environment. A.biota B.fauna C.flora D.ecologic
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Lecture 2 Fall 2007 - NAME HISTORICAL GEOLOGY 2 1 The...

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