2103 Discussion Guide 2011

2103 Discussion Guide 2011 - Biology 2103 Essential...

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Biology 2103 Essential Elements of Biology Laboratory Guide Laboratory Safety 1
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As science educators, teachers have the responsibility to show by example and to teach the need for safety. To understand this responsibility, teachers must have a working knowledge of federal, state, and local laws, rules, and regulations including the actions required by you and others under these requirements. The federal and state laws are very specific about what safety requirements are to be used in the science laboratory and classroom. Most of the information provided here is from The University of Texas at Austin on behalf of The Charles A. Dana Center for Educational Innovation (Dana Center). Safe practice supports active science learning and independent inquiry. Laboratory settings accommodate different types of instructional strategies and allow teachers and students to take responsibility for the structure and sequence of an investigative activity. Safety is an essential part of the planning process, whether the learning experiences occur in the classroom, in the field, or in the laboratory. One of the most important requirements for science facilities is sufficient space. The National Science Teachers Association recommends allowing 40 square feet per student in elementary schools. Using technology and meeting the needs of physically impaired students and teachers requires additional space. Once space considerations have been met, the use of personal protection equipment is recommended and, in some cases, required, as an additional safeguard against laboratory and field hazards. Personal protection equipment includes eyewear, laboratory aprons, laboratory coats and protective gloves. Fire, chemical, and electrical safety should be considered for each laboratory. Dangerous situations can arise very quickly, and a teacher must know what to do when they occur. There is no time to form a plan of action in an emergency. The plan must be worked out in advance and quickly recalled when an emergency arises. Most laboratory accidents can be prevented if students do approved activities, good laboratory management techniques are implemented by instructors, and safe practices are carried out during the investigation. SAFETY TRAINING FOR STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY COURSES The science laboratory is a place of discovery and investigation. One of the first things students discover is that learning in a laboratory is an exciting experience. The laboratory can also be a dangerous place to work if proper safety rules are not established and followed. To prepare students for a successful year in science, the teachers should develop safety rules that incorporate the following safety information. General rules
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2103 Discussion Guide 2011 - Biology 2103 Essential...

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