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final essay question download - Chapter 11: Peoples Rights...

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Chapter 11: People’s Rights Problems African Societies and Their World Views West Africa empires = several territories are controlled by one government. Horses and metal weapons ! cavalry ! empires = military Gold, ivory, pepper trees, kola nuts, and printed cotton cloths (all from the forests) = trade West African World Views Humans had to understand the powers and the will of the gods (created by the creator god) and pay homage so that the natural forces would be kind and work harmoniously = West African world view about the power and will of the gods. Older people must be treated with respect so that their spirits would later provide their descendants with guidance and wisdom; if disrespected, they would cause harm instead = West African world view toward older people. The social classes in West Africa = nobles, non-nobles, and workers. Slavery Before and After 1400 slavery = when a person is completely controlled by a master. Slavery was considered normal = how some viewed slavery before 1400. Not permanent; not based on race; slaves within their own culture (way of living and religions were thus familiar) = what slavery was like before 1400. The Slave Trade in the Middle East and Africa Transporting slaves long distances was expensive = why slave traders didn’t trade slaves to faraway regions. Slavery After 1400 Permanent; based on race; enslaved outside their own culture = how slavery changed after 1400.
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After 1400, slavery became associated with race. Inventions help the European slave traders Two inventions that helped the Europeans change the African slave trade = astrolabe and caravel. Rights of African slaves Similarity between slaves before and after 1400 = both groups were not free. Three ways that slavery before and after 1400 were different: 1. Before, slaves usually stayed in own culture; after, sent to outside cultures. 2. Before, many races enslaved; after, mainly Africans. 3. Before, could work to become free; after, unable to become free. The European Slave Trade and Africa Slave Coast = nickname for West African coastline. Europeans bought African slaves from other Africans = how Europeans usually got slaves. Four major geographical areas where African slaves were taken = Europe, North America, the Caribbean Islands, and South America. Cooperation of some Africans with European slave traders = problem in West Africa caused by the slave traders. The place that imported the most slaves between 1400-1700 = South America. The place that imported the second largest number of slaves between 1400-1700 = Caribbean Islands. On the average, 10-20% died on a slave ship. From 1450-1860: a. Approximately 11,700,000 people were taken from Africa. b.
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course HIST 304 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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final essay question download - Chapter 11: Peoples Rights...

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