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Poverty in the US FINAL EXAMINATION - Gaurav Singh Poverty...

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Gaurav Singh Poverty in the US FINAL Draft/Subject to Change Poverty in the US FINAL EXAMINATION December 9 th , 2010 G ENERAL I NSTRUCTIONS : -Please read the entire examination carefully. -Please write clearly in black or blue ink only. -Be sure to explicitly address ALL parts of each question. -Each question is worth 20 points. -While your opinions are important and specifically requested in a number of instances, your responses should reflect what you have learned from the assigned readings and films and in-class discussions. - Please work alone and without the help of your notes or books. -Leave adequate time to review your answers. 1. Attention to poverty during the Great Society Period was multifaceted but rested on the following: (please choose all the correct answers that apply) a. Demographic shift of poor whites and blacks from rural areas to cities. b. Political, economic and social exclusion of African Americans c. Shifts in electoral politics that saw Republican majorities in the house. d. The emergence of the Civil Rights Movement e. The resurgence of the labor movement f. Changing attitudes toward the deserving and undeserving poor g. Publication of the Grapes of Wrath h. Publication of the Other America j. Significant economic growth in the 1960’s k. Lyndon Johnson as political entrepreneur 2. According to Denton and Massey, Residential Segregation contributes to poverty by (choose one answer): pg 83 a. Restricting access to capital for starting small businesses b. Contributing to health disparities among the poor c. Promoting the concentration of poverty d. Directly encourages the formation of single heads of households. 3. In brief, discuss the differences and similarities of concentrated poverty vs. spatial mis- match as major factors that perpetuate poverty (be specific). pg 57-58
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Gaurav Singh Poverty in the US FINAL Concentrated Poverty Spatial Mismatch Results from several factors, including past government policies, racial and ethnic discrimination, residential segregation, economic changes and employment dislocations, the movement of prosperous residents to the suburbs, and less definable social and cultural forces. Theory proposed by John Kain, increases in the concentration of the inner- city poor are directly linked to the elimination of low- skill manufacturing jobs and the deconcentration of employment from central cities to the surrounding suburbs. -Social, political, lack of voice and upward mobility, and opportunity -all problems associated with poverty, more general -people and place poverty Labor market, economic perspective -directly related to the lack of jobs -deindustrialization -place poverty -structural poverty 4. What are some key differences in the nature of poverty in wealthier countries vs. poverty in developing nations (be specific)? pg 61 UNITED STATES vs. Wealthier countries US does not fare well vs. other wealthier countries when using absolute poverty measures Mayer found that poor Americans do not live with more material deprivation than poor Swedes, Germans or Canadians o
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