Final exam essay

Final exam essay - The development of the slave labor...

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The development of the slave labor system in the American south was one of the key events in the economic, political, and social history of the United States. Write an essay on the influence of the institution of slavery on American history from the seventeenth century through the end of Reconstruction. (In your essay you must discuss the "decision" to use West African slaves rather than European or Native American laborers, slavery in the U.S. Constitution, the influence of slavery upon nineteenth century national politics and economic development, Reconstruction, and the rise of Jim Crow). In grading your exam, some emphasis will be placed upon the quality of the essay. A short essay that is well constructed and that does not waste words, will be privileged over one that simply regurgitates much detail without being well organized. Ten paragraphs should be enough . Impact of Slavery on America The development of the slave labor system in the American south was one of the key events in the economic, political, and social history of the United States. The institution of Slavery had a great influence on American history from the seventeenth century through the end of Reconstruction. I would like to discuss the impact of Slavery on America in a chronological order , starting with the 17 th century and going unto the 19 th century. At the beginning of the 17th century, both rich and poor Britons see the newly established American colonies as the land of opportunity. As changes in England's economy and word of hardships in America stem the flow of white bond servants, English planters bring more enslaved Africans to America to raise their profitable tobacco, sugar, and rice crops and to provide other forms of labor in the North. Gradually, laws are enacted that define legal status by race, ensuring that Africans and their descendants will be slaves. Resistance leads to rebellions - 1 -
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in South Carolina and New York. Everyone -- North and South, black and white, the enslaved and the enslaver, feels the impact of slavery. As the cotton culture spread westward, slavery strengthened its hold on the South. The demand for slaves was greatest in the Deep South, and the Upper South sold its slaves "down the river" at ever higher prices. Slave trading was a lucrative business, but it sometimes led to the breakup of slave families. As the price of slaves increased, only wealthy southerners could afford to buy them, so by 1860 only one- quarter of southern families owned slaves. Slavery was profitable, but it kept southern capital from being invested in trade and manufacturing . Thus, northern business firms handled the marketing of the southern cotton crop. At bottom, slavery was a stagnant and inefficient labor system that wasted talent and energy . I). Slavery in America in the 17
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Final exam essay - The development of the slave labor...

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