Possible ID's exam III

Possible ID's exam III - Gaurav Singh Final Exam IDs Know...

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Gaurav Singh Final Exam ID’s Know Nothing Party The Know-Nothing party was an anti foreign, anti-Roman Catholic political organization that flourished in the United States between 1852 and 1856. Nativism had been growing since the mid-1840s in response to massive immigration, especially from Ireland and Germany. Many of these immigrants had become part of urban Democratic political machines, much to the resentment of non-Democratic old-stock Americans. In the early 1850s, various secret, anti-immigrant organizations joined to form a new political party. Officially called the American party, it was popularly known as the know-nothing party because members answered "I know nothing" when asked about the exclusive, native- Protestant organization. Advocating exclusion of Catholics and foreigners from public office and seeking to increase the naturalization period from 5 to 21 years, the Know-Nothings won national prominence chiefly because the two major parties--Whigs and Democrats--were at that time breaking apart over the slavery issue. The party reached its zenith in 1854-55, but it too soon became fictionalized over the slavery issue. In 1856 Millard Fillmore the American party presidential candidate, received 21 percent of the popular vote, but the party rapidly disintegrated thereafter. Most of its northern members joined the ranks of the newly formed Republican party. American Nativism, 1830-1845 During the 1830s and 1840s Americans with nativist sentiments made a concerted effort to enter into the local and national political arenas. Nativism's political relevance grew out of the increase of immigrants during the ‘20s and ‘30s and the anti-foreign writings that abounded during these decades. While pivoting between anti-foreign and anti- catholic appeals, nativism became both practical and ideological in nature: platforms for the movement ranged from extending the length naturalization to protecting the sacredness of the Protestant Republic. New York city's 1844 elections, the nativist movement formed the American Republican Party, which allied with the Whigs and resulted in the defeat of the - 1 -
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Gaurav Singh Final Exam ID’s Democratic Party. This political advancement, although local and short lived, presented a glimpse of the national nativist power later found in the know- nothings. Clearly, early nineteenth-century nativism participated in significant political changes, and the goal of this paper is to summarize nativism between 1830 and 1845 while analyzing these major political developments. With its first edition appearing January 2, 1830, The Protestant represented one of the earliest publications of nativist literature. George Bourne edited the publication, and he conveyed his mission clearly: the goal of the paper centered around the denunciation of the Catholic faith. Bourne understood the belittling of the "popish" belief to be the only way in which to warn the Republic of the Catholic danger. In his book, The Protestant
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Possible ID's exam III - Gaurav Singh Final Exam IDs Know...

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