Crim Final - Crim Final HISTORY OF POLICING Rising crim in...

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Crim Final: HISTORY OF POLICING: - Rising crim in the 18 th century led to increased use of private police. - The thief takers were monied police who were hired by private entrepreneurs, but were corrupt and violent. - Henry Fielding (author of Tom Jones) formed the bow street runners and they were a more organized and less corrupt form of private policing. - A decentralized police force was needed to act fast and prevent riots. - Sir Robert Peel: championed the Metropolitan Police Act which established the first public police force in 1829. - Visibility, Prevention, Decentralized. - Of the people, not over the people. - Importance of public relationships - Physical force as last alternative then only as severe as needed “The test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder, not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with it”. - Pledge system: families were grouped in tens, or tythings. - Responsible for protecting settlement and dealing with minor problems. - Hue and cry: - Tythings grouped into hundred, or constable. - Shires = counties, shire reeve = Sheriff - Watch system (13 th century) - Justice of the peace was in 1326. - In the early 1800’s, Europe experienced tremendous growth with people moving to the city to acquire work in the increased number of factories, but the promise of word did not mesh with reality and unemployed poor workers brought together in a small area led to urban riots. - The militia tried to quell urban riots, they were in a centralized location in the city, but they were reactive rather than proactive. - they responded after the damage was done - arrested but did not prevent - loss of goods and some factories - United states: a decade later police address same urban riot - The Boston Police formed in 1838, then the New York PD formed in 1844, then the Philly Police formed in 1854. - The police were not crime fighters yet, their main charge was to break up and control labor disputes. - Local politicians tended to control PD’s and fostered an atmosphere of graft and corruption - In 1893 the international association of chiefs of police called for police reform. - August Vollmer went to University of Cali, Berkeley, for crim and he applied principles of military organization to the police. - Higher edu. For police officers was recommended by national commissions since 1931, it was a slow process. - 18% of PD’s require some type of college education and when asked, most departments express preference for CJ majors . - Background of police officers in the past had lower education, were immigrants, and military like. They were more likely to be intolerant of others, and less likely to have people skills. - They were more likely to be authoritarian too. - early studies confirmed that police recruits were more likely to have “authoritarian tendencies than average male of
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Crim Final - Crim Final HISTORY OF POLICING Rising crim in...

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