Philosophy paper[1]

Philosophy paper[1] - Christine Van Pelt 11/30/11...

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Christine Van Pelt 11/30/11 Philosophy 1308 Moral Objections to Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (Rough Draft) Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis is becoming more commonly used around the world. PGD is a way for parents to eliminate embryos that have certain genetic disorders or are an undesired gender. The essay includes more of its background and the moral objects towards PGD with the counterargument to each objection. When Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis involves throwing out the embryos that are labeled with a genetic disability or are an undesired gender of the parents, the moral objections that occur are towards the moral status of the embryo, discrimination towards disable people, and the inequality of genders. Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis “is a specialized laboratory test used during in vitro fertilization to test one cell from an embryo for a specified genetic disease or disease.”The word preimplantation means it is a test that is done before the embryo is implanted in the mother’s womb. In a lab, the embryo is tested for certain genetic disorders. This is done by removing a cell from the embryo when the embryo has 6-10 cells. The cell is then tested to see if the embryo has the genetic condition or if it is a certain gender. If a condition is detected, then the embryo is either thrown away, used for scientific purposes, or whatever the parents choose to do with it. If an embryo does not have a genetic condition, the parents normally decide to implant the women with it where it will grow and one day be born. PGD is mainly used for people with family history with Huntington’s disease, cystic fibrosis, and Tay-Sachs disease. There have been cases where Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis is used to see what sex it is. The parents can take several embryos and implant the one that is the desired sex. The first issue to address on PGD is the immortality of throwing away the embryos that have been deemed to be affected with the genetic disorder. One main argument is an embryo’s
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Christine Van Pelt 11/30/11 Philosophy 1308 moral status and how it should be equal to the moral status of a human. As human beings we should have a moral obligation to consider all human beings equal and should not consider something to not be human just because of the size, amount of dependency, or stage of development. At the moment of fertilization, there is an organism that is being produced and has started growing toward being an adult which we all agree on has moral status. There is no guarantee that the embryo produced in conception will lead to becoming an adult. However, there is the certain fact that each embryo has the materials needed for growth to get to there. As humans, we deserve respect and moral status just because we are humans. Since the process of developing and growing is continuous for a human, this respect is not gained at one particular moment in a human’s life after they have developed certain characteristics and certain capabilities. Embryos should be thought of as developing beings just as humans are. We should
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course PHI 1308 taught by Professor Alexander during the Spring '07 term at Baylor.

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Philosophy paper[1] - Christine Van Pelt 11/30/11...

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