Final exam review

Final exam review - 3 functions of a constitution - Empower...

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3 functions of a constitution - Empower – authorize political action, Restrain – limit government action, Structure relationships and interaction. Who interprets the constitution - You do. Politics does. Courts do. Declaration of Independence – Political Antecedents Lockean (classical) liberal aka John Locke – a. God creates man free and equal with a right to life, liberty, and property. b. Man secures his rights by creating government and giving up some rights. c. If government ever becomes tyrannical, the people have a right to abolish the government and create a new one i.e. right to revolution is a natural right. Small “r” republican’s liberty is based on virtue and balance. The corruption of virtue tips government into tyranny. Corrupt leaders conspire to reduce the people’s liberty, and become tyrants. Corrupt citizen’s licentiousness causes disorder, which tyrants exploit to come to power and reduce the people’s liberty.Colonial Experience… Aftermath of the French and Indian War. Raise taxes (Stamp Act 1765- tax anything printed needed a stamp) and (Tea Act 1773 – lead to Boston Tea Party). There were quartering of soldiers in private homes. Wrongs of taxation from England - The “taxation without representation” Military courts used to try tax evaders instead of jury trial. What does England look like? Corrupt leaders conspiring to reduce liberty. What is needed to be done to England? Restrain the government…and create a new one if necessary. Who said “All progress depends on the unreasonable man”:George Bernard Straw. Declaration of Independence – The Document Written by - Thomas Jefferson. What is it not - Apart of the Constitution so it’s not legally binding or judicable. Paragraph 1 - Moral Justification to the world for their actions. right of revolution come from. “the laws of Nature and Nature’s God” (natural law). Paragraph 2 - Right to declare independence and establish a new government. “self-evident” truths - Reason tells us, “all men are created equal” - “endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable right among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. “Governments are created by “Men…to secure these rights” they derive power from the “consent of the governed.” - “whenever government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it” - “Prudence . .dictates” or experience tells us governments should not be changed for minor causes. But after “a long Train of Abuses and usurpations” has shown us the king wants to be a tyrant we must throw off this government and establish a new one. Paragraphs 3-31 - A long list of abuses and usurpations. Paragraph 32
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Final exam review - 3 functions of a constitution - Empower...

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