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19 intercultural - Ch 19 intercultural communication...

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Ch 19 intercultural communication Behavior, perception, and expression: the building blocks of culture Behavior: culture as behavioral “mental programming” Geert Hostede- a software of the mind that partially determines the way an individual is likely to act and think Hall- the influence of cultural programming typically operates below our conscious level of awareness, we are only likely to be aware of this influence when we find ourselves a situation which challenges our culturally shaped behavioral and cognitive precepts Perception: culture as a perceptual filter Harry Triandis- culture can also be regarded as a set of shared social perceptions about the environment Expression: culture as a product This expressed aspect focuses on the tangible elements associated with the way of life practiced by a group of people, these expressed components are rooted n the behavioral patterns and shared perception which define a culture One part of this expressed dimension of culture is communication centric- specifically, the language, symbolic, and nonverbal systems used in communication by members of a particular culture and, by extension, the norms and rules which govern the usage of these systems Cultural artifacts: physical correlates of culture- the objects, symbols, and rituals produced and utilized by a society, tied to the beliefs and behavioral norms which characterize a particular cultural group Layers of culture& the Iceberg model (two-layer model): culture is much like an iceberg in that only partly visible at the surface Proponents break down culture into two broad domains: the external, visible world of culture, composed primarily of behaviors, artifacts, and similarly observable phenomena; and the internal, invisible world, made up of values, norms, and other intangible elements Defining culture Stella Ting-Toomey- a complex frame of reference that consists of patterns of traditions, beliefs, values, norms, and meanings that are shared in varying degrees by interacting members of community Determining cultural boundaries: culture as a broad and overlapping phenomenon Exploring community Community: a group of people who live together, A group of people who share a common interest, A group which is recognized as constituting a segment of society Culture as a broad concept..national, beyond national… Multiple cultural memberships and pervasive cultural influence Cultural influence is pervasive- it has an impact on almost every facet of our everyday lives Each of is influenced by a variety of cultures, other than national citizenship or ethnicity, other types of culture also influence us, like norms and values derived from religion, gender, organizational memberships, age group, lifestyle, and other factors shape our behavior, perspective, and comm. In the same fashion as geographically determined cultural influences Cultural membership may be internally or externally attributed All cultural descriptions represent central tendencies or norms across large numbers of people,
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