ch6 NV&ch7 fe note

ch6 NV&ch7 fe note - Chapter 6 Nonverbal...

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Chapter 6 Nonverbal Communication The general principles regarding nonverbal communication Nonverbal cues are an extremely infuluential source of meaning. Nonverbal communication is typically undervalued. Nonverbal cues function together with their verbal counterparts within the context o a particular communication setting, artificial separation doesn't really exist Defining noverbacl communication The broadestand most common approach to defining nonverbalcommunication defines: Nonverbal communication simply as communication that is nonlinguistic, or without words. (Knapp&Hall, 1997) Under this approach-- Sender approach: (Motley 1990) NVC a a consisting of inentional symbolic behaviors , NVC occurs when a source intentionally communicates using symbolic NV cues. Neurophysiological approach: (Andersen et al. 1979) Based on evidence suggesting how the brain process a given communication cue, righ hemisphere of the brain is responsible for processing NV info, and neurological processing can be used as a basis fordistinguishing between NVC and lignuistic communication Behavioral approach: (Barker&Colins, 1970) attempts to specifically list all the behaciors considered as nonberbal communication and limits NVC only to those behaviors. (tautoogical, rarely used) Message based aprroach: (Burgoon, Buller&Woodall, 1996) focuses on the codes used as NVC, suggesting that NVC consists of NV behaviors intentionally sent and perceived that people within a given social group recognize as having a consensual meaning (also restrictive) Receiver based approach: (Richmond&McCroskey, 1995) recognizes NV behacvior as occuring when a receiver assigns meaning to a NV cue, interpreting it as a message. (inclusive) We'll define NVC as: An occuring when a stimulus other than words creates a meaning in the mind of a communicator. Creation of meaning: If meaning is created by a NV cue, then it is NVC Aspects of NVC- NVC is-- 1. Receiver oriented- the focus of meaning associated with any NV stimulus is always centered on the receiver 2. Both normative and idiosyncratic in interpretation-- NVC includes cues that have a socially agreed upon or culturally defined meaning associated with them, and cues that may only be meaningful, or have unique meanings, when used in the context of a specific relationship Idiosyncratic meanings: Individuals that have established long term relationships with each other often perceive particular meaning in nv stimuli of relational partners that people outside of the relationship would not 3. Subjective- attaching meaning to NV cues inherently involves interpretation and judgment --Knapp and Hall suggest that there are individuals preferences toward noticing and processing verbal nonberbal cues (channel preferences) 4. Involves multiple channels: We have tended to focus on the meaning of single cues in our
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course COM 101 taught by Professor Reynolds during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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ch6 NV&ch7 fe note - Chapter 6 Nonverbal...

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