comm exam 1 review

comm exam 1 review - Lecture Material Defining...

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Lecture Material Defining Communication Communication as a broad, inclusive concept comm as a set of interrelated concepts that vary somewhat depending on the particular phenomena, but share certain unifying dimensions 2 views of definitions The first suggests a definition should express the singular correct truth Single correct definition that precisely describes all instances of an object or phenomena The second holds that a definition should sufficiently express the essential defining attributes of an object or phenomena Definition of communication :communication is a process by which information is exchanged among 2 or more systems within a larger supra-system (the environment) Meaning of terms used in this definition Something being communicated: can be spoken/ written words, nonverbal cues, symbols, electrical impulses Information: what’s being exchanged, also described as message/ as that which reduces uncertainty, human attach meaning to info A multidirectional flow between parties involved Sometimes comm’s constrained primarily to transfer (one way) Something doing the communication: Entities ranging from individuals, computers, animals to collective like groups, orgs, etc. System- set of interdependent underscores that such entities are complex phenomena What surrounds comm: environment: the context within which the system interact Comm’s always influenced by its environment, can be tangible (physical surroundings), or intangible (mood, culture in form) Issues in defining communication Breadth- what is or is not included Origination- the source Directionality- nature of flow Channel- means of info exchange Context/ environment- specific influence of surroundings Intentionality- is intent necessary? A model is simply an abstract representation 3 general purposes of models: explanation, prediction, control Benefits of models
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Models allow scholars to: describe the overall process of communication or explore a particular aspect of comm in detail Illustrate important concepts, contexts, or theoretical frameworks More effectively represent relationships Limitations of models Can be incomplete and /or lack a big picture perspective Are often based in a specific context- may need to be reassessed outside of original context May require supplemental info to make sense 3 general models: Linear, transactional, and interactive models Linear model of communication Many early perspectives were linear. Comm described as : 1 way- from sender to receiver, something you do “to” someone Interactive model of communication 2 elemenets added: feedback- response to message, noise- interference w/ message Transactional model
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2012 for the course COM 101 taught by Professor Reynolds during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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comm exam 1 review - Lecture Material Defining...

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