Definition of NV comm
： Any interaction in which a stimulus, other than words, creates meaning in
the mind of a sender or a receiver
2 important elements of def
： Creation of meaning： Other than words
3 general principles of NV comm
NVC is an essential part of determining meaning in comm contexts
NVC is typically undervalued
NVC is inextricably linked with VC- they function together
3 general sources of NV stimuli
Personal NV stimuli- NV behaviors originating from a specific person, ex. When a person winks,
shrugs their shoulders, smiles, etc.
Vocal NV stimuli- qualities of the voice or vocal sounds separate from a verbal message. ex. Pitch,
volume, tone of voice, rate of speech etc.
Environmental NV stimuli- NV cues associated w/ the setting or w/ objects in the environment.
Ex. Room set=up or state, particular objects, ashtray, present in room
Repeat- (primary) NV message repeats V.
Substitute- NV used in place of V
Complement- NV cue provides supplementary info about V message
Accent- draw attention to part of V message
Regulate- NV cues regulates V interaction
3 other general NV comm functions:
relational, role, status, differential
emotional, physical, awareness not necessary
Specific types of NV comm:
·Kinesics- body movement, includes facial expressions, hand gestures, etc.
Emblems- common gestures which substitute for words
Illustrators- sued to accompany& complement words, ex. moving your hands to illustrate the
concept of waves
Regulators- regulate conversation, ex. Eye contact signaling you want to say something
Affect displays- facial expressions/ body movements which indicate emotion, ex. Smiling,
Adaptors- nervous behaviors occurring on a very low level of consciousness, associated with
stress, ex. Tapping your foot when nervous without being aware of it