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online deception - Danning Zhang Paper 3 Oct 6 2010 Online...

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Danning Zhang Paper 3- Oct. 6. 2010 Online Deception According to CyberPsychology & Behavior Online Deception: Prevalence, Motivation, and Emotion by Dr. Avner Caspi and Paul Gorsky, online deception is defined as knowingly transmitting messages to a receiver with the intent to foster a false belief or conclusion. ( http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/cpb.2006.9.54?journalCode=cpb ) The conception or definition of online deception to me is that any software, website, or manner that allows people to spread& transmit fraud information to/with others for the cheater’s own benefits. A great number of other fraudulences are causing serious troubles in the communities—both virtual and online. For instances, credit-card trappers are trapping card holders’ information, stock-market trappers spread fraud information to drive up share prices for their own stocks, email trappers send countless lucky emails for remittance, etc. ( http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/23432353.html?fr=ala0 ) Among all the deceptions, the first two things come to me are fraud online shopping (selling fake items to customers but pretending they’re not fake) and anonymity/ pseudonymity (not showing their real name or no name at all). In fraud online shopping cases, although most of the sellers sell their items individually, they still need to do their business through some kind of medium, such as big online shopping websites including Amazon.com, Ebay.com, and Taobao.com (in China). So basically what they do is regularly put up advertisements for their products just like everybody else does. However, the products can be fake, highly counterfeited, poorly used or somewhat wrong without telling the
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customers. Of course the customers won’t realize it until they actually get the items, and usually there’s no return or refund on these fraud transactions. I still remember buying a pair of collected Nikes online which were, instead of genuine, highly counterfeited, at a relatively low price. I bought them because the pictures were showing the exact genuine thing at a lower price than in market. I suppose that most online shoppers are like me, looking for the actual genuine items for lower prices. And therefore, these fraud online sellers are targeting a pretty large amount of people. The thing is that they usually hiding in the crowd just like ordinary businessmen, and unless they’re really bad liars, customers are not going to recognize and identify whether they are genuine or not. Additionally, they usually don’t do very risky transactions, like saying the item is a
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