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Unformatted text preview: 2. paraphyletic 3. polyphyletic B. use homology problem: analogous/homoplastic structures C. kinds of classification schemes 1. phenetic/evolutionary systematics 2. cladistics a. clade b. cladogram 1) synapomorphies 2) (sym)plesiomorphies 3) outgroup III. Types of data used A. morphological: B. biochemical 1. carbohydrates 2. lipids 3. proteins 4. DNA C. physiology D. other responses to environmental stimuli IV. Resulting Trees A. Kinds of trees 1. cladogram 2. phylogram 3. ultrametric tree B. methods of generating trees 1. distance 2. maximum parsimony 3. maximum likelihood C. all trees are hypotheses D. make sure you understand how to read a phylogenetic tree...
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course BIOL V04 taught by Professor De-jesus,m during the Fall '08 term at Ventura College.
- Fall '08