subsistence_econ_outline7 - ANTH V02- Cultural Anthropology...

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ANTH V02- Cultural Anthropology Subsistence Patterns (Strategies) and Economics Making a Living: Subsistence Strategies Cultural Ecology: Adaptation & the Environment Resources that people can use to meet their needs Problems people must overcome Making A Living Foraging Pastoralism Horticulture Agriculture Industrialism Components Time & energy to do the work (labor) Available tools & knowledge (technology) Natural resources in the environment Organization Allocating productive work to different kinds of people Cooperation Conflicts over access to natural resources Subsistence Strategies; Ways in which societies transform the material resources of the environment into food, clothing, and shelter. Foraging: earliest form of subsistence? Gathering, Hunting, Fishing Exploit wild plants and animals Collecting wild plants: nuts, berries, fruits, greens, roots Knowledge of natural environment (i.e. water sources) Polar Regions: Inuit Deserts: Australian Aborigines; Kalahari Bushmen Kalahari Bushmen (video) !Kung San Dobe Ju/’Hoansi Correlations between subsistence and: Gender Roles (DL) Technology/Knowledge/Resources Community size/ Mobility Social & Political Organization
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Economics Sexual Division of Labor (women) Gather plant foods (78% of calories) Simple tools Travel (knowledge of territory)
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course ANTH V02 taught by Professor Mariateresafiumerodo during the Spring '12 term at Ventura College.

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subsistence_econ_outline7 - ANTH V02- Cultural Anthropology...

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