LAS study guide

LAS study guide - 21:58 BorninBloodandFire

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21:58 Born in Blood and Fire Colonization created the central conflict of Latin American history LA is young—average age is in teens for many countries Old-land of ancient ruins Some Las still grow corn or manioc, carrying on traditional ways of rural life Most of worlds Roman Catholics are la’s Mexican celebration “day of the dead”—candy skills, invite people to “eat their own  death” Embodies mood so unfamiliar to people of US because its intimate inspirations are  largely non-Western Capital of Argentina is ethnically more western than capital of DC Large percent of population descends exclusively from European immigrants, maintain  more European contacts LA was main destination of millions of people enslaved and taken out of Africa between  1500-1850 Most important task of slave= cultivated sugarcane Today their descendants form large parts of the population, about half, in 2 greatest  centers of sugarcane production.  Brazil and Carrribbean region LA countries are highly multiethnic, all sorts of racial combos occur Mestizo (very mixed)—blended indigenous and European Black and white populations live in costal lowlands, more indigenous and white mix in  the mountainous interior region Really have a single history? No—single story cannot encompass their diversity Yes—sense that they all have much in common To protest NAFTA between US and Mexico, Mayan rebels began an uprising that lasted  years Took name Zapatistas in memory of earlier rebels Middle-class Mexicans found that NAFTA reduced prices and increased the availability  of urban consumer goods 1500s—Spanish and Portoguese colonizers imposed language, religion, and social  institutions on indigenous Americans and enslaved Africans; after 3 centuries things  began to change Liberalism—comprises core principles of US constitutions Complex of values and practices that developed in 1600s and 1700s, largely in France  and England
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Progress>tradition; reason>faith; universal>local values; free market>government  control Advocates equal citizenship >entrenched privilege Representative democracy > all other forms of government Nationalism—deeply embedded in the region’s historical experience Often provided an ideological self-defense against imperialism, positive force for social  equality and antidote to white supremacy Until 1930s interpreters of LA focused largely on race and culture LAs considered “varieties defective goods” Hot blooded latins with too much nonwhite blood Simply lacked self-discipline and the brains to make stable, democratic, prosperous 
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course BLS 342 taught by Professor Miller during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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LAS study guide - 21:58 BorninBloodandFire

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