BLS342notes - BLS:thelegalenvironmentofbusiness 03:41...

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BLS: the legal environment of business 03:41 THE US CONSTITUTION -sets forth the framework of our nations government; establishes a system of  government that divides power between the federal government and the states Federalism- the authority to govern is divided between federal and state governments 10     th     Amendment-     all powers that the Constitution neither gives exclusively to the federal  government nor takes from the states are reserved for the states -allocated the power of the federal government among the three branches of  government first 3 articles establish 3 independent branches of the federal gov: legislative,  executive, and judicial each branch maintains a separate sphere of power to prevent any one branch from  obtaining undue power and monopolizing control of government Checks and balances- each branch’s powers keep the other branches from dominating  the government Congress is the legislative or lawmaking branch, has the power to enact legislation President can veto a law that Congress passes Judicial Review- allows courts to review legislative and executive actions to determine  whether they are constitutional SUPREMACY CLAUSE AND FEDERAL PREEMPTION -located in Article V, provides that the Constitution, laws, and treaties of the US  constitute the supreme law of the land, “any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any  State to the Contrary not withstanding’ -any state or local law that directly conflicts with the Constitution, federal laws, or  treaties is void Federal laws- include rules passed by federal administrative agencies Concurrent authority -state and federal governments have the power to regulate the  same subject matter States may regulate the area as long as a persons compliance with the state regulation  would not cause him or her to be in violation of a federal regulation Congress established environmental standards but some states have passed even  more protective ones Federal Preemption- federal government can decide to regulate an area exclusively;  state law is unconstitutional
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THE COMMERCE CLAUSE -Article I, Section 8 -states that US Congress has the power to “regulate Commerce with foreign nations,  and among the several states, and with Indian tribes - NLRB v. Jones and Laughlin Steel Corp turning point in Supreme Courts interpretation of commerce clause Congress could regulate labor relations at a manufacturing plant because a work  stoppage at the plant would seriously affect interstate commerce Since then broad range of business activities have been regulated Federal Mines Safety and Health Act -sets standards for safety in coal mines
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course DSC 205 taught by Professor Krallman during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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BLS342notes - BLS:thelegalenvironmentofbusiness 03:41...

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