{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter 15 test slides

Chapter 15 test slides - Chapter 15 Personality Personality...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
9 Chapter 15: Personality Personality  is an individual’s enduring, characteristic  pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. Each dwarf has a distinct personality.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
12 Psychodynamic Perspective Freud’s clinical experience  led him to develop the  first comprehensive  theory of personality which included the  unconscious mind,   psychosexual stages,     defense mechanisms. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) C u l v e r P i c t u r e s
Image of page 2
13 Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis   is a specific type of  therapy used to treat mental  disorders.  It is based upon Freud’s  theory of personality.   It uses certain  techniques which help tap the  unconscious mind.   According to  Freud, the  process of free association  (saying whatever comes to mind) leads  the patient to tap and release painful,  embarrassing, or unacceptable  unconscious memories, impulses, or  desires.  Once these memories or desires  are retrieved, understood, and released,  the patient feels better.   Dream  interpretation  is also an technique used  in psychoanalysis.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
14 Exploring the Unconscious Mind According to the psychoanalytical theory, the  unconscious mind  is reservoir of mostly unacceptable  thoughts, wishes, desires, feelings, impulses, and  memories.   Freud asked patients to say whatever came to their minds  (free association)  in order to tap their unconscious mind. h t t p : / / w w w . e n g l i s h . u p e n n . e d u
Image of page 4
15 Dream Analysis Another method to analyze the unconscious mind is through  dream interpretation.   Dreams were analyzed by studying  the  manifest content  (apparent; what actually occurred in  the dream) and  latent content   (hidden part of the dream;  symbolic meaning of the dream) of dreams. The Nightmare Henry Fuseli  (1791)
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
16 Model of the Mind According to Freud,  the  mind is like an iceberg.    It is mostly hidden.  The  conscious mind  is readily  accessible to the person.  The  preconscious mind  stores  temporary memories and is  outside awareness, but can be  easily accessed by the  person.  Below the surface,  lies the  unconscious mind  which is not readily  accessible or known by the  person.  
Image of page 6
18 The Personality Structures:   Id, Ego, and Superego The  id  is unconscious and strives to satisfy basic sexual  and aggressive drives.   It   operates on the “ pleasure  principle. ”  It is totally selfish and demands immediate  gratification.  We are born with the id. The  ego  is mostly conscious and functions as the  “executive.”   It mediates the demands of the id and  superego.  It is rational and operates on the  “reality  principle.” The  superego  provides internalized ideals, morals,  and standards for judgment. 
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern