Second Exam -Essay Question # 3

Second Exam -Essay Question # 3 - Gaurav Singh 3 Andrew...

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Gaurav Singh 3. Andrew Jackson is sometimes called the first modern president. How could a "Scots-Irish border captain" from the frontier region of Tennessee be regarded as an agent of progressive change? Write an essay in which you discuss the goals that Jackson pursued during his presidency and the opposition to his program. Why do we find Jackson "modern," and how useful is this characterization? {in this essay, you must discuss both Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun) More nearly than any of his predecessors, Andrew Jackson was elected by popular vote; as President he sought to act as the direct representative of the common man. He was the seventh president of the United States. In order to portray Andrew Jackson as the first modern president we need to compare him to Alexander Hamilton. 1. Strange Bedfellows in the Making of the Republic Alexander Hamilton is responsible for the survival of the constitution and the effectiveness of this frame of government. a) Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton, was a man without a country that embraced the American nationalism. The man from cosmopolitan New York and he were reared in a county house. Hamilton was unique among the founding fathers in that he was an outsider". Hamilton developed a brilliant and successful plan to guarantee the allegiance of regional elites and all men of property to the federal government through the creation of a national debt. b) Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson, the other central figure in the creation of our Republic, was a very different character, a Scotch-Irish border captain who personified the culture of the frontier. In contrast to the cosmopolitan Hamilton, he was barely literate and deeply suspicious of the new forms of property and of the institutions essential to capitalist development. - 1 -
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Gaurav Singh Jackson championed the Jeffersonian ideal of "an empire for liberty" based upon endless reproduction of self-sufficient farm families. Like Jefferson, he was a slave- owner. Unlike Jefferson, he never expressed any ambivalence about the American racial caste system, yet he is remembered, correctly, as the champion of "the common [white] man." He was also the ferocious enemy of the rights of Native Americans. 2. Two Nations Developing in the New Republic Both Hamilton and Jackson were needed in the evolution of American democracy because of t he profound differences among white men of property . In a sense there were two nations developing , one was the market-minded, future-oriented Yankee Nation bent on "internal improvement" and economic development . The other was the butternut, Zeke Patriarch culture of family farmers who sought cheap land and feared debt and taxes. Family farmers were joined in their suspicion of government and capitalist development by traditional mechanics or skilled workers whose trades were threatened by the transportation revolution and the emergence of regional and national markets. These traditional men, on the frontier and in the cities,
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 104 taught by Professor Reed during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Second Exam -Essay Question # 3 - Gaurav Singh 3 Andrew...

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