Notes 9:9:10

Notes 9:9:10 - Phil 134 9/9/10 Agenda: Aristotle Stuff Four...

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Phil 134 9/9/10 Agenda: Aristotle Stuff Four causes Being and non-being Actuality and non-actuality First “way” from Aquinas and the second, possibly third way “Moved” and “moving” – In Greek the word kinesis means change OR motion, sometimes used by Aristotle/Plato to mean that something that has changed… sometimes moved, sometimes change in other ways Other changes- generation (creation), destruction (something that was ceases to be), alteration (qualities or relationships of something change), locomotion (actual motion or moving) Problem is (with these arguments) is that there’s a slipping back and forth so that it seems that parts of arguments seem to work when your thinking of change in general, and parts work when moving around, but not all work in the same sense of it Need to know how changes come about according to Aristotle, and how they think about what makes things be the way that they are Various types of arguments for existence of God/Gods-major category is cosmological Cosmos- universe, cosmology is the study of the universe, cosmological arguments are a set or family of arguments which have following common feature: take the fact that we have a cosmos/universe, has movement, continues to exist over time and you ask what it accounts for it being a cosmos in the sense of it existing and staying in motion Cosmos also means ordered/made up nicely Teleological arguments say look how well ordered and beautiful the cosmos are, this can only be accounted for by a God to make it Ontological argument and Moore argument, different completely Take a specific thing or miracle in the universe and use it as not a systematic function of universe but of god Miracles often seen as revelations from Gods or divine figures Natural theology proves god by evidence available to anyone, not just on “miracles” received but actual observable evidence Knowing what the cause of something is very important, notion of existence or being around What’s a cause? A cause is a force of movement or an alteration of state, often thought that objects in motion stay in motion and opposite unless acted upon by outside force and it’s the thing that gets something to change what it’s doing (a force) Cause- something that creates a change, something that has an effect. It has to
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Notes 9:9:10 - Phil 134 9/9/10 Agenda: Aristotle Stuff Four...

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