ANTH 101 test 1 study guide

ANTH 101 test 1 study guide - *This is by no means...

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*This is by no means exhaustive* ANTH 101 Test #1 Study Guide Important Concepts: 1. 4 fields of anthropology a. Cultural Anthropology -Cultural Anthropologists focus specifically on similarities and differences. Study as many cultures as possible. Look at the flexibility and adaptation of culture. Culture can adapt to ecosystems. Cultural anthropologists are focused on origins largely. b. Archaeological Anthropology -Concerned with recreating past cultures through material remains. Artifacts are any object used or changed by humans. Wherever we go we leave impressions that archaeologists use to learn about past cultures. Paleoanthropology is based on bones. Must now how it got there, how it was used, how it was made. c. Physical (Biological) Anthropology -Take us toward the biological and development of humankind. Move away from race and toward other features such as nose shape and size. Study genes and clines. Primates. d. Linguistic Anthropology -How language is used and how it varies between cultures. Variety of ways we communicate (facial expressions, gestures, etc.). e. +1 Applied Anthropology -Important to gain trust and be involved in society in order to study it. Emic vs. Etic perspective. EMIC- try to get as close to subject’s vantage point as possible. Not fully possible but try to explain culture from subject’s stand point. ETIC- acknowledge observer’s point of view. Anthropologist has something to offer to “balance out” EMIC view. Not steeped in ways and practices of culture. Combination of two! 2. key components of research Important to gain trust and be involved in society in order to study it. Acknowledge EMIC vs. ETIC. 3. emic/etic perspectives -EMIC - try to get as close to subject’s vantage point as possible. Not fully possible but try to explain culture from subject’s standpoint.
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- ETIC - acknowledge observer’s point of view. Anthropologist has something to offer to “balance out” EMIC view. Not steeped in ways and practices of culture. 4. ethnocentrism and cultural relativism Ethnocentrism- The variety we see should not be reduced to biological differences. Culture is a learned behavior, not an inherited trait. Ethnocentrism isn’t bad, just something to be aware of. Ethnocentrism- Judging other cultures from the perspective of one’s own culture. The notion that one’s own culture is more beautiful, rational, and nearer to perfection than any other.
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