Australopithecine Essay

Australopithecine Essay - When considering whether a fossil...

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When considering whether a fossil belongs to an Australopithecine or not, there are several features to consider. In comparison to the Great Apes, Australopithecines exhibit features that prove bipedalism. These features include a foramen magnum and pelvic fossil evidence. In comparison to Homo sapiens, however, the primary differences lie within the skull structure. The presence of prognathism, superorbital Taurus, and a sagital crest located on the back of the skull all provide evidence of an Australopithecine. With a somewhat small set of fossils, an archaeological anthropologist can determine whether or not the subject was an Australopithecine (Price 9/25/08). In my opinion, the process of determining bipedalism is the most interesting of archaeological anthropology. Two features in particular provide clear evidence of a bipedal creature, a determining feature of Australopithecines versus Great Apes. These two features are the shape of the pelvic fossil and the presence of a foramen magnum. When we say an
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Australopithecine Essay - When considering whether a fossil...

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