amst_IDs1 - Restrictive covenants Restrictive covenants are...

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Restrictive covenants Restrictive covenants are meant to keep certain races in certain areas, separated from each other. A policy was written into the deed of a house before being sold stating that it can’t be sold to certain races. Ex. Palos Verdes. The city of Los Angeles believed mixed race neighborhoods would decrease the property value in that area. The Shelley v. Kraemer case in 1948 stated private agreements to exclude persons of designated race or color from the use or occupancy of real estate for residential purposes do not violate the Fourteenth Amendment; but it violates the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment for state courts to enforce them. However, this continued to happen under the radar. Redlining began in Los Angeles in the 1950s where the city would continue to be segregated because mortgages where given only to races in specific neighborhoods. For example, whites would get assistance for a mortgage in predominately white areas, while people of other races would not be allowed to receive mortgages if they wanted to move into this area; In the 1900-1920's, zoning laws made by Anglos come about to prohibit selling of properties to certain races. These came about to be known as racial covenants. This practice was illegalized in 1948. After the zoot suit riots, there is a belief that mixing of races is dangerous and concern is brought to the attention of South-East LA and regulations are drawn up to limit the infiltration of races. Housing becomes expensive in earlier regions. There is a "white-flight" out of LA of Jewish immigration after WWII when Mexicans and Blacks begin to fill up the regions of LA that have been deserted by whites. This is one of the most intense levels of segregation. The South side of LA becomes predominantly black and the east side becomes predominately Mexican. ---- Because of restrictive covenants, different "racial communities" came about and this is why we have Chinatown, Koreatown, and other highly concentrated racial communities. Racialized Nativism Nativism is the opposition to immigration which originated in US politics in the country’s historic role as a melting pot. Racialized nativism can be seen in America’s attempt to prevent immigration from people of different races in order to preserve a homogenous race. This racialized nativism was based solely on race, not on nationality. People could have been born in the US, but not considered legitimate Americans because of race. In Linda Gordon’s book, the Catholics allowed Mexican families to receive the Irish orphans because they were Catholic and considered them citizens, however the white Protestants opposed this because they didn’t see Mexicans as true American citizens. However, in Arizona, Irish weren’t subject to racialized nativism because of their race, whereas in the North where they came from they were indeed considered immigrants. In other situations, Mexicans were deported, even if they were 2nd and 3rd generation Americans; Definition:
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course AMST 301g taught by Professor Gustafson during the Spring '06 term at USC.

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amst_IDs1 - Restrictive covenants Restrictive covenants are...

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