Ch6outline - 19:51 transport

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19:51 Liability of International Air Carriers Only addresses the liability of air carriers for the injury or death of passengers ticketed  for international travel or for damage to baggage or cargo moving in international air  transport Only applies to litigation against air carriers brought by passengers, the estates or  representatives of deceased passengers, cargo owners, or insurers The Warsaw Convention of 1929 Standardized procedures for issuing passenger tickets, baggage claim forms, cargo  receipts, and other transport documents Protected airlines from liability Not liable if they could prove that they had used all necessary methods to avoid the  accident Limited their liability to a specific amount The Montreal Convention of 1999 Montreal Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air Ratified by 95 countries including the US, Canada, Mexico, Japan, China, and the EU Modernizes the provisions on issuing tickets, baggage claims, and air waybills and  provides for the use of electronic documents Eases the restrictions on recovering damages from airlines for loss of baggage or cargo,  or for bodily injuries or death to passengers, and requires that airlines be adequately  insured for such losses Application to international carriage—applies only to passengers ticketed for  international travel Does not apply to a passenger who is ticketed for domestic travel solely within one  country or between two countries not party to the convention Does apply to passengers ticketed for flights between two countries that are both party  to the Convention Also governs passengers ticketed for round-trip travel from a country that is party to the  convention, regardless of whether that intermediate destination or stopping place was in  a country that had adopted the Convention  Looks at the flight to determine if it is one of "undivided carriage" that is part of a "single  operation"—if all legs of a journey, international and domestic, are booked on the same  ticket, ten they are presumed to be one undivided carriage
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El Al Israel Airlines, Ltd v. Tseng—a US Supreme Court rules that the Warsaw  Convention provided the exclusive cause of action against an air carrier for injuries  incurred during international travel  Air Carrier's Liability for Death or Bodily Injury Three basic requirements for liability Death or bodily injury of a passenger Resulting from an accident Generally requires that the injury be caused by some event that is a risk peculiar to air  travel and "external" to the passenger
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