{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

POL101notes - 22:00 ' PlatoDemocracyisbad; society Note

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
22:00 Where does the government's legitimate power come from? Why are you obligated as a citizen to obey the law?  What are the purposes of government? Schools of thought in Western Political Philosophy Plato—Democracy is bad; a just political system has to match the natural order of  society  Not everyone is good at everything Want to be able to have people in power that are able to do the right thing for the public —pursue the public good; however, most people are self interested  Want only completely selfless, wise rulers in the system—make them the rulers whether  they want to be or not  The people must follow the law that those best equipped make Divine Right Theory—easy answers to all of the above questions Legitimate government power comes from god  Any ruler has become a ruler because of god, ie: king Never right to break the law because it is the will of god No right of revolution because you would be rebelling against god  Thomas Hobbes—Leviathan—Social Contract Theory  State of nature—everyone is trying to stay alive; nothing is right or wrong State of nature was before government—it was extremely unpleasant, everyone is  driven by greed and self-interest Beyond everything else everyone is driven by fear—worrying about the future Hobbes believed that to overcome the brutish mentality of men in the state of nature, an  absolute ruler should be chosen to protect the people
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Viewed the state of nature as fearful, nasty, brutish and short No matter what that ruler does, does not violate the social contract, and does not give  men the right to revolt Legitimacy of the government comes from the consent of the governed—because they  asked the sovereign to  Protection of the sovereign=obedience  "You promised"—social contract to follow the law; absolute Only time you can break the law is if the sovereign is no longer protecting you  Have no rights other than one the sovereign tells you what your rights are—no such  thing as a law that would violate a natural right to freedom  John Locke—Social Contract Theory—Second Treatise  Legitimate political power comes from the consent of the governed—people who are not  in a government system come together and voluntarily agree to form a political system  through an overt agreement  Prior to a democratic system, all men are created equal  People interact with people in a generally peaceful, good and pleasant way Law pre-exists government, at least fundamentally—Don't rely on government to tell  people what their fundamental rights are; regardless of if there is a government people 
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern