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Unformatted text preview: Exam #2 Information --One prompt will be on Locke, Marx, and Friedman--One prompt will be on Marx, Friedman, and Ehrenreich John Locke/Liberalism questions 1. According to my lecture, what are the five elements of liberal political theory? Is John Locke a liberal in terms of these five elements? What about Thomas Hobbes? What about Plato? What about those who are today called liberals in everyday speech? How about those who are today called conservatives in everyday speech? 1. Focus is on the individual and individual rights 2. Society is merely an aggregation of individuals 3. Politics are instrumental 4. Government must be limited 5. Freedom is negative freedom- freedom is the absynth of restraint (Positive freedom participating in politics) Hobbes related to liberalism by agreeing in all of these besides #4. Hobbes thinks power of sovereign must be absolute Plato worries about the good for the society instead of the individual so he would disagree with #1, #2 and #5 2. Based on the hand-out by James Madison (Federalist #51), what might Madison think of Hobbes? What might he think of Locke? What might Hobbbes and Locke think of Madison? Federalist 51 discusses how Madison wants the government to be in control and control the governed but the government stays primarily dependent on the people. The separation of powers is necessary as well for the government to sustain itself. Hobbes thought on MadisonHobbes would like the idea that Madison describes how no one is perfect or else we wouldnt need government. Hobbes doesnt want the government to control itself (no elections/ no separation of powers) Lockes thought on MadisonLocke says were biased towards friends and family agreeing with Madison that were not angels. Locke would agree that government should control itself by Americans reminded it of the chance of a bloody revolution 3. In what sense are we equal? Who, if anyone, is by nature superior (244)? Every man in the state of nature is equal, as we are all born with the same advantages of nature, no one man having more than another, and no natural born rulers. The only type of man who can become superior in the right of nature is the man with the power over another (not absolute or arbitrary) to punish their criminal actions through reparation and restraint. Otherwise known as punishment, the only lawful way of doing harm to another in the state of nature. 4. What does he mean by saying that while the state of nature is a state of liberty, yet it is not a state of license (244)? Citizens have particular freedoms, but they do not have permission to pursuit anything in their interests. They must act within the boundaries of the law....
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course POL 101 taught by Professor Haney during the Fall '10 term at Miami University.
- Fall '10