POL 241notes - POL241 17:23 Political Culture The widely...

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POL 241 17:23 Political Culture The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the relationship to of citizens to government and to each other Failed states have often failed because there is no culture—number 1 reason countries fail Fountain of American Culture: Classical Liberalism -set of ideas that regionally was formulated in the 17 th and 18 th centuries and the ideal was a response to the kind of rule that existed that existed in the 16 th - 18 th centuries; a response to monarchal rule—the idea that an individual is chosen by God to rule Divine Rule v Classical Liberalism Divine Rule- God Monarch The People Classical Liberalism- The People  The Constitution  Elected Officials Respect the rights of life liberty and property; have people live in a system that protects their God given rights and also rights they enjoy Let everyone know their rights; nobody can be outside of the system Must rest upon popular consent Lay down the “contract” Classical liberals believe in systems with: a.1. Popular consent a.2. Respect for private property a.3. Limited government American Political Culture: the “American Creed” G.K. Chesterton, 1922-“America is the only nation in the world that is founded on a creed. That creed is put forth with dogmatic and even theological lucidity in the Declaration of Independence” American Creed: Elements a.i.1. Liberty-many Americans feel this is the most important; cannot be given or taken away—given by our creator; often associated with freedom a.i.2. Egalitarianism-sometimes in tension with liberty; all people should be treated as equals and have the same political, economic, social, and civil rights a.i.3. Individualism-Often in tension with the collective good a.i.4. Laissez-Faire Economics-free market a.i.5. Populism
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Politics: Definitions Harold Lasswell: Deciding who gets what, when and how: Who—voters, candidates, citizens, political parties What—substance of politics and government—public policy When—from the annual budgets to the elections held every 2 years; situationally based How—from the process of elections to the sausage-making of law Definition: Process through which individuals and groups reach agreement on a course of common, or collective action—even as they continue to disagree on the goals that action is intended to achieve Most common political battle—over resources Others are over values All of the fighting is over policy Politics: Policymaking Step 1--Starts with people who make demands upon government, from continuing social security to providing better schools Step 2—People pursue their concerns through linking institutions: Elections Political parties Interest groups The mass medias Step 3--The linking institutions work with political insiders to set the political agenda A political agenda is the issues that attract serious attention by public officials and others involved in politics Rules Step 4--The political agenda is ironed out inside political institutions—in US, it means compromise
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POL 241notes - POL241 17:23 Political Culture The widely...

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