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Science of Psychology

Science of Psychology - Science of Psychology How and why...

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Science of Psychology - How and why do we behave the way we do? - How does the brain work? - What do we sense? - How do we think? - What emotions are shared universally (versus culturally specific)? - How do our minds develop? - Why do we get along (or not) with one another? Psychology - psyche: soul / logos: study - William James (1890): the science of mental life - Text: the scientific study of mind, brain, and behavior… with the ultimate ambition of effectively explaining the most important human behaviors in real-world contexts o mind – mental states, thoughts & feelings o brain – enables mind; mind = emergent property of brain functions o behavior – any observable action behavior and brain – observable mind (mental processes) – inferred how can one study the mind? Schools of thought Schools of thought – how the scientific foundations of psychology developed - Structuralism (ELEMENTS) o Wilheim Wundt, Edward Titchener – late 1800s – Germany. 1879 first lab. Study the structure of consciousness and conscious experience; break down conscious experience into its basic element, like chemistry. Relied on introspection . this would provide the scientific basis for understanding the mind Introspection took years of practice to do well – as it required one to describe sensory elements of experience in their most basic form.
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