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Unformatted text preview: The Bureaucracy Development of the Federal Bureaucracy- The Constitution and Executive Branch Organization: Constitution doesn’t say a whole lot about the creation of bureaucracy- The Dilemma of Delegation: Congressional oversight (things Congress can do to keep everyone in line) of executive activities (Bureaucracy); this is the second most important job congress does o Advantages: ? o Disadvantages: ?- The Resolution: to delegate the policy of implementation to the president o Delegation with institutional controls Congress maintains the Power of the Purse and they can punish or reward different agencies. The Spoils System- Described the Federal Bureaucracy during most of the 19 th Century- Employment Based on Partisan Loyalty and who you know.- Not a long term job; huge turn over in bureaucracy every 4 years (especially when a new president is elected)- The Beginnings of Bureaucratization Characteristics of Bureaucracy- According to Max Weber, Bureaucracies embody: o Hierarchical structures (chain-of –command) Orders flow down pyramid, information flow up pyramid o A division of labor/specialization o A consistent set of abstract rules and principles; rules and regulations written for a positive purpose o Impersonality (Neutrality): supposed to treat everyone the same (opposite of spoils system) o A career system (merit-based); merit based off of tests or certification; used to protect from partisan influence (can’t lose your job because of partisanship) o Specified goals: mission statement and goals for which the collective action of the organization is aimed at. Civil Service Reform- Increasingly Complex Problems with partisanship and spoils system o Short- Term Amateurs- Government reform was called for by the public- The Pendleton Act of 1883 o This law provides the basis of the modern civil service o Employment based on competence, neutrality, and protection from partisanship; civil service employees staff most of the bureaucracy....
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