This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Campaigns and Elections The Logic of Elections- In a representative democracy, how do you keep the needs of the people ahead of the desires and ambitions of representatives? o How do you make sure delegates stay true to their constituents?- Solution: Regular, Free elections work to ameliorate this problem: o House members are re-elected every two years o Senate is the-elected every two years (6 year terms, rotate) o The prospect of future elections gives officeholders who want to keep or improve their jobs a motive to be responsive agents. The Right to Vote- Most prevalent form of political participation in America. In any given election, half or more of the eligible population doesnt vote. And most dont go further than that (i.e. attending political debates, rallies, doing research, etc)- Most Common Form of Political Participation in the U.S.: o Voting- The History of Suffrage in the U.S.: o Initially only white males over 21 who owned property could vote o Property Qualifications (state laws) By late 1840s-1850 all states that had property qualifications dropped them, so by 1850 all white males 21+ could vote. o Universal suffrage for white males o Suffrage for women (white women) came next Occurred with ratification of the 19 th Amendment in 1920. Major expansion for suffrage rights occurred through federal law or Constitutional Amendments. Some states like Wyoming granted women the right to vote before it became a national law. Similarly, GA lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 before the rest of the nation. Suffrage Rights for Black Americans- The 15 th Amendment (1870) o Designed to prevent discrimination in voting (no one could be prevented from voting based on race or color) o It was improperly utilized until about 100 years later.- State restrictions made the use of the 15 th Amendment exceedingly difficult o White Primary:(primary elections matter most in the south at this time. Winning the Democratic primary almost certainly guaranteed you the position): said that black voters could vote in the general election but not in the primary. Voting hardly mattered in the general election. 1944 Smith v. Allwright case said blacks could no longer be disallowed from voting in Democratic primaries; over-turned all white primaries o Literacy tests: varied from being able to read and sign your name and taking a comprehension test over the U.S. constitution. Local voter registrars decided who got to vote, so even if you were black and passed if your local registrar said you failed, you couldnt vote....
View Full Document