When Work Disappears analysis-sociology

When Work Disappears analysis-sociology - Kayla Murphy 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Kayla Murphy 1 Kayla Murphy Sociology 3820 10:10 MWF S. Watts 2-18-11 When Work Disappears Reaction Paper The primary issue which William Julius Wilson discusses in his book When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor is joblessness in the inner cities of major United States metropolitan areas. The central theme of joblessness is tied to a number of related issues, which cumulatively create the seemingly hopeless situation of those residing in census poverty tracts and particularly in ghetto poverty tracts. A major contributing factor to the loss of jobs in the inner-city is the economic re- structuring which accompanied deindustrialization. The deindustrialization of the United States economy accompanied the out-migration of factory and manufacturing jobs to the suburbs or, in some cases, rural areas. This occurred for a number of reasons; often because overhead expenses were lower further from the city and the primary labor force had migrated to those areas as well. In immediate reaction to this loss of jobs in the city, those who possessed the financial resources migrated to the suburbs. The exodus of the middle class left only the most disadvantaged members of our population behind, creating a huge class division between the residents of the city and the residents of the suburbs. The “suburbanization of employment”, as Wilson terms it, further created a spatial mismatch in the economy. The daily commute to work became difficult for inner-city residents who were accustomed to taking public transportation. Wilson states that “Over the last two decades, 60 percent of the new jobs created in the Chicago metropolitan area have been located
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Kayla Murphy 2 in the northwest suburbs….” The out-migration of the manufacturing sector was particularly difficult for inner-city black workers to adapt to. When jobs left the inner-city, the opportunity of inner-city residents to seek work decreased and the expense of seeking work increased. Together, this results in a drop in the real wage forcing many individuals to work multiple jobs. In addition to the spatial mismatch that occurred with economic restructuring, an educational mismatch also occurred. Economic shifts created a greater demand for jobs in the service sector rather than the manufacturing sector. The public school system was established to teach children the basic skills they would need to receive a job in the manufacturing sector. When the United States economy made the transition from a basis in manufacturing to a basis primarily in technology and information systems, the public school system was poorly equipped to handle the change. Service sector jobs required education which the public school system did not provide and to which few inner-city residents had access. Wilson points to credentialism as one of the results of the economic shift. It became a very important idea that in order to even be considered for any number of jobs, one must have earned a degree or be credentialed. The
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course SOCI 3820 taught by Professor Stephenwatson during the Spring '11 term at University of Georgia Athens.

Page1 / 6

When Work Disappears analysis-sociology - Kayla Murphy 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online