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EAYH Lecture 21 Nov 17 - Built Environment and Health Homes...

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Built Environment and Health Homes no class next week 2 nd Assignment is due 1 st Tuesday after break. Only 2 more lectures left! Stress and neighborhoods in which people live is very important in the framework for environmental health disparities its not so much about race – its about NEIGHBORHOODS! (stress exposure) What is the “Built Environment”? Where people live, work, play, study from the small scale... homes, schools, workplaces to the intermediate scale .... neighborhoods, parks to the large scale metro areas, transportation systems Built Environment and Health physical inactivity associated health effects ( OBESITY !) driving → traffic → air pollution → lung disease (asthma) how we build our roads heat stress climate change motor vehicle and pedestrian injuries water quality RUNOFF from sewers, gutters, etc. mental health people live in stressful neighborhoods have poor mental health – STRESS social capital what kind of stores are around you (i.e. neighborhood grocery stores – food deserts) disparate impacts – justice, equity Toll of Traffic James: New Findings LA-traffic fumes can extend 1.5 miles away NYC-prenatal exposure to high levels of car exhaust associated with children with more symptoms of attention problems, anxiety, and depression. CA-children born to mothers living within 1000 feet of major highways were 2x as likely to have autism 1/1000 children are born with autism in the U.S. today! NJ-premature births dropped 11% in areas around toll places after introduction of E-Z pass! one of ways we could solve this: MASS TRANSIT. Problem is – we don't have the $$$$!!!! Bus depot in Baltimore – managed by Maryland Transport Authority (MTA)
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sometimes buses rung all day long. These people die of cancer. One woman can't taste anymore. Should not have bus depots in middle of residential neighborhood! Neighborhood Design: Land use and transportation suburbia – everything is separated – drive everywhere! Facts elementary school kids driven to school in private car 12% 1969 44% 2008/9 percentage of elementary school kids who walked or biked to school 48% in 1969 13% in 2008 obesity of elementary school kids 6.5% in 1969 19.6% in 2008 What is one cancer all males will get? PROSTATE cancer. 20% of men at 20 years of ago have some lesion – malignant or not. Pizza- lycopene (cooked tomatoes – good antioxidant!) Co-Benefits: Transportation decrease CO2 emissions increase physical activity decrease injuries decrease air pollution decrease depression decrease osteoporosis reduced infrastructure costs increase social capital Factors that predict walking good trails and sidewalks nearby destinations greenery (plants) other people walking safety Solutions: Healthy community design healthy community design density mixed land use activity centers housing diversity
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