5. A final question is why some ethnic groups are so successful in business while others are not. This is a very difficult question but some possible factors are: (a) whether the migrants have skills for which they can find a market -- e.g. tailoring in the case of the Jews, restaurants in the case of the Chinese, Italians and Asians (b) whether using these skills allows capital accumulation to take place, to form the basis of trust -- you generally trust people you think will be able to repay you, and when all your relatives are poor it is difficult to trust anybody! (c) whether there are family structures which will allow the development of large groups of relatives which cooperate in work, exchanging information and in capital accumulation (d) Once groups are established in particular sectors of the labour market, they gain a competitive advantage which makes it difficult for other groups to break in, unless the nature of
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