6 - 6 In Europe and Asia on the other hand land is more...

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6. In Europe and Asia on the other hand land is more valuable, and rights over land are often passed on through women. The problem is not one of labour but of access to land, and making sure land is passed on to suitable people. In these areas the marriage systems look rather different from those in Africa with (i) rather later marriage for women, (ii) monogamy (one wife) rather than polygamy (iii) restrictions on sex before marriage and restrictions on the remarriage of widows (v) lower rates of divorce and in some cases (Catholic countries in Europe) no divorce is permitted at all. 7. In both cases, marriage often involves transfers of property. In Africa, when a man marries a women, his kin group often make large payments, in money or livestock, to the kin group of the wife, in return for her labour and reproductive services. This is usually called bridewealth. Notice that in matrilineal societies, all that the husband gets is sexual and some of his wife’s labour services -- when she is living with him. Marriage payments in matrilineal societies tend to be rather low! In Europe and Asia on the other hand, a different system has been historically important: the women is often given property by her parents as her share of the inheritance,
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6 - 6 In Europe and Asia on the other hand land is more...

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