41 - 4. Capitalism and ideology. The most famous theory...

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4. Capitalism and ideology.    The most famous theory here is that of Max Weber, the German sociologist who  lived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He wrote many books about  economic history, both about countries where capitalism as he defined it did not  develop (e.g. China and India) and those where it did (e.g. England and America).  The question he asked was why did people in England and America want to work  harder so as to accumulate capital and produce more for its own sake, rather than  to have better lifestyles or to control more people. A possible answer he suggested  was the ideology of the Protestant Christian religions. He noted that capitalism had  apparently developed in Protestant areas rather than capitalist areas of Europe.  Many Protestants believed that success in the world was a sign that they had been  selected by God for Heaven rather than Hell after death. They therefore tended to 
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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41 - 4. Capitalism and ideology. The most famous theory...

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