Colonialism and industry

Colonialism and industry - Colonialism and industry 22....

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Colonialism and industry   22. From the late 15th century onwards, with their new transport technology, the Europeans began  to travel to other parts of the world, and in many places they set up colonies. Colonies and  colonialism were not new -- the Greeks, Romans and Han Chinese had set up colonies within their  own regions many centuries before. What was new however was that with the new technology, the  Europeans could now set up colonies almost anywhere in the world, in Asia, Africa, North and South  America, and eventually in Australia and the Pacific. The key to this expansion was that the  Europeans put two technologies together: small, light and powerful firearms, and improved kinds of  ships.    23. The lead was taken by the Portuguese and Spanish, and it was the Spanish who first took over  large parts of North and South America, with their conquests of the Aztec and Inca Empires of  Mexico and Peru. The region was rich in silver and gold, and this made Spain the richest country in  Europe during the 16th century. Most of the people in Central and Southern America at the time of  the Spanish arrival soon died, either as a result of mistreatment by the Europeans, or of newly 
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Colonialism and industry - Colonialism and industry 22....

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