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Cultural Transmission Theory

Cultural Transmission Theory - Cultural Transmission Theory...

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Cultural Transmission Theory Partly as a response to such criticism, social disorganisation theory gave way to the development / refinement of Cultural Transmission theory , whereby the emphasis passed from a focus on disorganisation to a focus on the way groups become criminally organised in such areas as the zone of transition. In this respect, what we are starting to see is the development of a much more explicitly sub-cultural form of theorising, where the explicatory emphasis shifts onto the socialisation process. In these terms, "criminal behaviour" is seen to be "normal behaviour" for some social groups and, hence, criminal norms and values are transmitted, through the socialisation process, from one generation to the next. The major problem here, however, is the question of why, if cultural transmission is such a powerful form of socialisation for some people, it does not seem to apply to others in an apparently similar social position: In short, it doesn't explain why some people commit crime ("because they have been socialised to see it as normal") while others do not. As a way of resolving this problem, therefore, what was needed was a theory that applied more-specifically to peoples' actual behaviour - and such a theory developed out of the work of Sutherland and Cressey ("The Principles of Criminology").
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