Ideological - Ideological (or cultural) institutions, such...

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Ideological (or cultural ) institutions , such as religion , education and the mass media are charged with maintaining the cultural values surrounding the economic process - orientating people towards work in a Capitalist society, encouraging them to adopt certain values (competition, private ownership of property, wage labour and so forth). Thus, for Hegemonic Marxists , society exists as an objective reality that is created out of the many ways that people relate to one another. These relationships form a structural framework that reflects back upon the individual and is experienced as something that is real . If we assume this to be so, then we can start to see the basic point to the hegemonic argument. For example: From the Hegemonic viewpoint, the existence of a Capitalist form of society produces a certain form of stratification system , one in which different social classes are differently placed in the class structure . From this, we are given the idea that the construction of the basic rules of Capitalist society follow from the structure of the economic system . Once we recognise this basic structure, it then becomes a matter of explaining how the basic rules of a Q. Using an example, define the concept of "objective reality" (3 marks) If we live in a society characterised by a Capitalist form of economic production , then certain social relationships are created by this system . The most basic of these structural relationships / positions might be characterised as owner , controller and labourer , or, to put it another way, employers , managers and employees . It may, of course, try to do this for various political , economic or ideological reasons. For example , a newspaper organisation may give their support to one political party rather than another because it believes that such a party will create a more favourable economic climate for its activities.
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Capitalist form of society are maintained. This is where the role of cultural institutions comes into the equation. From this perspective, the role of the mass media , as a cultural institution is not to help maintain the position of any individual or group. Rather, its role is: a. To police the cultural system . b. To help maintain rule boundaries . In terms of the above, it is important to remember that when we are talking about the social world , we are looking at a hugely complex system of relationships . No one group can hope to control all of these relationships, but what can be controlled and patrolled are the basic, fundamental, tenets (or values if you prefer) of a particular form of economic organisation. Once these are established, all other "local rules" of behaviour and organisation can be read-off from these fundamental values.
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Ideological - Ideological (or cultural) institutions, such...

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