Unformatted text preview: their physical and material circumstances. b. Both are implicitly structural in scope and, more-specifically, have developed out of mainstream Functionalist theory. This can perhaps be best seen in relation to the way both forms of theorising emphasise how individual / group values arise as a response to an individual's social circumstances / situation. To put this another way, both types of theory adopt a positivist approach to the study and explanation of deviance. Where ecological theories tend to differ from sub-cultural theories is in the different stress placed upon the origin of sub-cultural behaviour . Ecologists, as we will see, have tended to emphasise the significance of the physical environment or geographic area (hence, such theories are sometimes known as " area studies "), while sub-cultural theorists have tended to emphasise the way in which norms and values relate more to material circumstances....
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- Fall '10
- Sociology, ecological theories