Learning To Be Human

Learning To Be Human - Learning To Be Human: Culture and...

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Learning To Be Human: Culture and Socialisation. 1. A culture can be defined as a “way of life” that is transmitted from one generation to the next and it consists of two basic elements: * The material things that a society creates. This material culture consists of the physical objects (cars, telephones, computers, etc.) that a society produces to reflect their interests and preoccupation’s. * The non-material things that a society creates. This non-material culture consists of the knowledge and beliefs that influence people’s behaviour. We can begin this section, therefore, by looking at the idea of non-material culture and in particular how it is taught and learnt. 2. Linton (1945) defines the concept of a non-material culture as: “The way of life of its members; the collection of ideas and habits which they learn, share and transmit from generation to generation”. 3. The ideas of sharing, teaching and learning are crucial here for understanding the process whereby people learn to become human beings. This is because people are born into an existing cultural system. In order to learn how to behave in society, therefore, arrangements have to be made for people to fit-into existing patterns of behaviour and we call this a process of socialisation . B. The Socialisation Process. 1. Learning how to become human and to behave in ways that accord with the general expectations of others (in short, to be socialised) is a process that begins at birth and continues throughout our life. We never stop learning how to behave, mainly because our society is always changing and we are continually faced with learning how to behave in new and different situations. When starting to look at the socialisation process, therefore, we can begin by identifying two basic types of socialisation: a. Primary socialisation . 1. Primary socialisation occurs between the individual and those people in their life with whom they have primary relationships. A primary relationship is one in which the individual has a close, personal, intimate and face-to-face relationship with the people that are responsible for the socialisation process. * For most of us, the first primary relationship we form is with our parent(s) or guardians -
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Learning To Be Human - Learning To Be Human: Culture and...

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