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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 3. The industrial and urban revolutions. This lecture will discuss the main changes which took place in social organization as a result of the industrial revolutions in Europe, North America and Japan, and the ways in which they were seen by the early founding fathers of sociology. It will also look at the colonial period, and the patterns of economic development in other regions of the world which it produced, up to the Second World War. The origins of capitalism 1. Here I want to talk about the differences between capitalism and other kinds of economic system, and the origins of capitalism in the modern world. There are a lot of debates both about what capitalism is, and about why it developed in some parts of the world and not in others. In this lecture I will describe some of the main ideas and theories which have been put forward. 2. First, there is the definition of capitalism: what is capitalism and how is it 2....
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- Fall '10